As a prototype of the proposed design of the main components of the rotor and the stator of the gravitational-magnetic motor can be considered the device of the corresponding nodes of the fuelless engine proposed in Section 21 (“Appendix 6”) of this site, i.e. of the engine that operates by harnessing the kinetic energy of the gravitational impact on the movable loads of the rotor with partial conversion of this energy into the potential energy of elastic deformation of a stationary rigid body.
In contrast to the prototype, for this design of motor it was proposed, with a view to increasing the net torque on the rotor shaft of the engine, that the movable loads of the cylindrical shape must be made from the soft magnetic material and the stator of the engine must be equipped with permanent magnets of a horseshoe shape. In doing so, the magnets should be placed near the trajectory of the movement of loads and their poles must be aimed in accordance with the pictures that will be given below.
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Consider Fig. 092.
On the Fig. 092 are presented three views of the motor rotor jointly with the stationary rigid body and permanent magnets of the stator. On the rotor shaft is rigidly mounted the pair of identical disks. In each of the disks is built-in numerous (in our case there are ten) of inclined ways evenly distributed relative to the axis of rotation. Into the space between the disks is located the corresponding numerous of identical movable loads of cylindrical shape. At both ends of the loads there are wheels providing their movement along the inclined paths built into the coupled disks, and additional wheels for displacement along the paths formed by the stationary rigid body. In doing so, the devices of magnets fastening and other auxiliary elements of the stator are not shown in Fig. 092.
The Fig. 093 differs from the Fig. 092 in that both rotor disks are not shown on it, however the inclined paths, which in the real devices are rigidly embedded into the disks, are left. All of them are shown for the purpose of more visually explaining the character of displacement of the movable loads along them.
On the Fig. 094, in its central part, are shown the rotor of the engine together with the stationary rigid body, at the same time, the front disk of the rotor was removed and shown in the right part of the figure, and the permanent magnets of stator are located separately on the left side of the figure.
With the help of Fig. 077 is explained device of a movable load of cylindrical shape. On both ends of the steel shaft of the load there are wheels (bearings) intended for driving along inclined paths of the paired disks, and also there are additional wheels - for driving along inclined paths of the stationary rigid body. All cylindrical loads of the rotor must be made from the Soft Magnetic Material for force interaction with permanent magnets of the stator.
On Fig. 095, in three views, is shown the device of the stationary rigid body forming inclined paths for the movement of additional wheels of the movable loads.
The purpose of the stationary rigid body and its role in the creation of the initial rotational force on the rotor shaft of the engine (initial net torque), which arises thanks to the use of the kinetic energy of the gravitational impact on the masses of movable loads, is explained and substantiated in the section 21 (“Appendix 6”) of this site.
On Fig. 079 is shown the cross-section of the rotor by the plane which, being parallel to the axis of rotation of the rotor, crosses the axis of one of the cylindrical loads at the moment of its movement along the inclined paths of the stationary rigid body. Relative distances between the elements of the structure are shown in conventional units, for example, in centimetres.
On Fig. 096, in its left part, the permanent stator magnets are shown against the background of the cross section of the motor rotor. The cross section was carried out by the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation and passing in the middle of the space between the paired disks. The letter symbols a1—a10 and A1— A10 denote the possible location of the mass centers of the movable loads at their minimum and maximum distancing (at locations on circumferences: Rmin and Rmax) from the axis of rotation of the disk (from the point “O”). (The definition “possible” should be understood as allowed by the design and arrangement of inclined paths rigidly embedded into the paired disks.) The actual displacement of the centers of masses of the movable loads is determined by the mutual impact of gravitation and of the stator permanent magnets, and is limited by the inclined paths of the stationary rigid body. The outer contour of the stationary rigid body, located in the right-lower sector of the rotor of the engine, is shown by the dashed line of light brown color. As a positive direction of rotation, was adopted the rotation counter-clockwise. On this Figure, you can also see the expected locations of the centers of masses of the cylindrical loads, and the corresponding outer contours of the cross-sections of these loads and of their wheels at one of the moments of rotation of the rotor. The circumference of the largest radius, shown in the figure by the continuous black line, corresponds to the outer contours of the paired disks. The circumference of the smallest radius, shown also by black color, corresponds to the outer contour of the cross section of rotation shaft of the rotor. The contours of the ten inclined paths embedded into the disks are shown by black dotted lines. The axial lines of these paths, bounded by the points an … An (n is the number of the inclined path) are shown by segments of dotted lines of crimson color.
In the left-hand bottom sector of the disks rotation (in the sector A3 – O – A5 on the Figure 096) the movement of loads occurs at their maximum distance from the axis of rotation of the rotor, i.e. the centers of their masses are moving along the circumference of Rmax. At this, the gravitation impact on masses of the movable loads and the additional force action of the permanent magnets of the stator provide the greatest positive contribution into the formation of the net torque on the shaft of the rotor of the engine.
In the upper-right sector of the disks rotation (in the sector A8 – O – A10 on the Figure 096) the movement of the loads occurs at their minimum distance from the axis of rotation of the rotor, i.e. their centers of masses are moving along the circumference of Rmin. Here the impact of gravitation on the counterclockwise movement of the loads is negative, i.e. the rotation of the disks is inhibited, although not too much, due to the relative smallness of the arm levers of rotation formed by the masses of loads during their movement through this sector. The location of the permanent magnets of the stator, shown on this Figure, indicates the possibility of realizing a partial or complete weakening of the negative impact of gravitation on the masses of loads moving in this sector of rotation.
In the right side of the Fig. 096, is explained the additional force impact of the permanent magnets of the stator on the formation of individual torques creating by the loads during their moving in the upper left sector of rotation. This explanation is made with the help of four vector diagrams. The numbers of the vector diagrams shown by the symbols of green color correspond to the numbers assigned to the stator permanent magnets which are shown in this sector of rotation. The vectors shown by arrows of black color, with the symbol designation +Fg, correspond to the vectors of gravitational influence on the centers of masses of the movable loads. The sign “+” before these symbols indicates that this impact is positive, i.e. it helps to increase the speed of the rotor rotation counterclockwise. The magnitude of the vector +Fg, taken equal to the number of 25 notional units, is shown by blue color. The vectors shown by arrows of red color, with the symbol designation +Fm, correspond to vectors of force impact of the stator magnets on the centers of masses of the movable loads. The magnitude of each of the vectors +Fm was accepted at this analysis slightly larger than the magnitude of the vector +Fg. The vector sums of the above vectors, acting on the centers of masses of the moving loads, are shown by the arrows of green color with the designation +Ft. The magnitudes of these vectors are shown by the numbers of blue color. The lengths of the lever-arm of rotation, which determine the magnitudes of the individual moments of rotation created by the joint action of the stator magnets and gravitation on the masses of the selected loads, and also under the impact only one gravitation, are shown by arrows of blue color. Numerical values of these lengths are painted as well by blue color. The results of calculations of the corresponding individual torques, created by the impact of only one gravitation (TFg), and by the joint impact of magnets and gravitation (TFt), are given underneath the vector diagrams.
A comparison of these results allows us to estimate roughly the value of the additional contribution of the impact of permanent stator magnets into the individual torques creating by the masses of the loads during their movement in this sector of rotation. For example, if the notional units for numerical data are replaced with specific ones, the lengths of the lever-arms of rotation are measured in cm (0.01m), and the magnitudes of the vectors of force action are measured in kg, then for the case N2 we will receive:
The vector diagrams shown on this Figure reveal that the impact of the permanent stator magnets on loads moving in this sector of rotation of the rotor accelerates the displacement of the trajectories of the motion of the centers of masses of these loads to the circumference of maximum distance from the axis of rotation of the rotor (Rmax), i.e. accelerates the increase of the lengths of the lever-arms of rotation and, accordingly, increases the individual torques formed by the direct impact of gravitation on the masses of movable loads. At the same time, the direct impact of the magnets on the masses of the moving loads, by itself, provides an additional increase of the corresponding individual torques.
Similarly, it is possible to construct vector diagrams for the remaining sections of the force impact of the stator magnets on the loads moving in front of them, for obtaining an approximate representation of the corresponding additional contribution into the net torque.
All the numerical values shown in the above Figures correspond to the scale of the technical drawings taken when they were created by using the technical tools of the “AutoCAD” program.
The magnitudes of the vectors, shown on Figure 096, were taken notionally, only for more or less clearly explanation the directions and the character of the joint impacts of gravitation and of the stator permanent magnets on the masses of the moving loads. Therefore, real calculations shouldn’t be made by using these formulas.
The maximum possible value of the net torque on the shaft of a real engine must be provided by experimental way. At this, in the process of experimental fine-tuning, it is necessary to identify the optimal locations of the stator's permanent magnets, the angles of their orientation, and the gaps relative to the surfaces of the loads moving in front of them.
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Thus, in this section of the site is proposed the design of the main components of the rotor and stator of environmentally friendly motor, the work of which is provided by joint harnessing of the kinetic energy of the gravitational impact on masses of the movable loads of rotor with the energy of the permanent magnets of the stator attracting the moving loads, made from magnetically soft material. The possibility of productive use of the energy of gravitation in the chosen design of the rotor of the engine is ensured by the fact that part of the kinetic energy of the gravitational impact on the masses of moving loads, which should inhibit the rotation, is diverted to conversion into the potential energy of elastic deformation of the stationary rigid body.
The design of the aforesaid main components of the gravity magnet motor advantageously differs from the designs of similar units of the engines proposed on the early stages of development of this site by the fact that the productive use of the energy of gravitational action on masses of the movable loads for the purpose of creating the primary torque is provided by means of intervention of the stationary rigid body into the trajectory of the movement of the loads relative to the axis of rotation of the rotor, that allows to do without levitation of magnets, i.e. without the use of permanent magnets interacting in the repulsion mode. At this, in order to provide additional torque on the motor shaft, are used permanent stator magnets by horseshoe shape (that is, by means of the most effective shape at use magnets in mode of attracting), and the movable loads of the rotor of cylindrical shape, instead of equipping them with annular permanent magnets, are made of soft magnetic material. These differences will make it possible to simplify and reduce the cost of the engine design, facilitate experimental refinement and, ultimately, significantly increase its competitiveness.
This Chapter was added on 7 February, 2018