(Regarding possibilities of developing gravitational-magnetic motors)
It is offered here several options for the development of environmentally friendly engines using energy of the gravitation together with other sources of the renewable energy.
At an early stage of designing, it was considered the possibility of developing gravitational-magnetic engines with the aid of joint use the kinetic energy of gravitation and the interaction energy of the permanent magnets.
It was offered two options for engine designing. Each option of the engine is characterized in that on its rotor shaft is fixed firmly at least one pair of identical disks. Into each of the disks is embedded a large number of inclined paths that are uniformly distributed relative to the axis of rotation. In the space between the disks is placed the corresponding set of identical movable loads. Each load of the first option of the motor is equipped with annular permanent magnets and has cylindrical shape. At the ends of the axes of these loads there are wheels for movement along the inclined paths of the coupled disks. Each load of the second option is equipped with permanent magnet the shape of which is close to the shape of a bar magnet. At the ends of these loads there are the wheels with the bearings for linear moving along inclined paths. Within the certain lower sector of the space between the paired disks, where the gravitational effect to the loads leads to the greatest braking of the rotation, under the trajectory of moving of these loads, are placed the stationary permanent magnets shapes of which are close to rectangular. The stationary magnets, due to using the phenomenon of levitation, provide the lifting up of the movable loads during their moving above them, pushing them closer to the axis of rotation of the motor. The Levitation cancels completely the inhibitory effect of gravity in this sector of movement of the loads, and this is accompanied with the harnessing of kinetic energy of the gravitational field in the remaining sectors of rotation, due to the formation of the unequal-arm levers of rotation, what provides the creation of the initial torque on the shaft of motor. The additional rotatory exertion is created by the harnessing energy of the magnetic field owing to interaction of the additional stationary permanent magnets with the magnets of the movable loads. The additional magnets are placed around the trajectory of moving the loads into the rest sectors of the rotation.
* * *
In the Appendix number 5 are offered several options of construction of rotors for motors of turbines, differed in that, in order to increase the efficiency of use energy gravitation in the work of hydro turbines, in addition to the usual ways of use the kinetic energy of water pressure falling from the height are harnessed kinetic energy of the direct impacts of gravity on the masses of the movable blades. Additional impact of gravitation is carried out due to that, the trajectories of moving of the movable blades relative to the axis of rotor rotation provide permanent bond of centers masses of the blades with the axis of rotation by the unequal-arm levers.
* * *
In Appendix number 6 is offered the option of designing of the fuelless engine which is working by means of harnessing kinetic energy of the gravitational impact on the movable loads of the rotor with partial conversion of this energy into the potential energy of elastic deformation of a stationary rigid body. Rotor design differs from the first embodiment of the rotor, described in the beginning of this brief summary, in that the movable loads of cylindrical shape are equipped with additional wheels on both ends of their axis of rotation. Creating net torque is also ensured through formation unequal-arm levers of rotation between the centers of masses of the movable loads with respect to rotor rotation axis, but in this embodiment are not used the permanent magnets. The positive magnitude of the net torque, exceeding zero, is created by the fact that in the bottom right sector of space between the paired disks, where the gravitational impact on the loads could lead to the greatest inhibition of rotation, is placed the stationary rigid body equipped with the inclined paths for movement along them by the additional wheels of loads. The spatial location of these pathways provides rapprochement the centers of masses of the moving loads with the engine rotation axis. That results to decrease the negative components in the net torque, to exclusion the states of stable equilibrium , and, ultimately, ensures prolonged rotation of the engine, provided that the resultant net torque exceeds the braking efforts that may be caused by payload on the motor shaft by friction and by other sources, as it is natural for any engine.
* * *
In Appendix number 7 is offered the option of designing of the gravitational-magnetic motor, the rotor of which is equipped with the movable loads of cylindrical shape made of soft magnetic material, but the stator is fitted up with a special stationary rigid body and equipped with the permanent magnets of horseshoe shape. The construction and placement of the stationary rigid body provide the distraction of the part of kinetic energy of gravitation, that would have to impede the rotation of the rotor, by means of conversion it into potential energy of elastic deformation of the stationary rigid body, and at the same time, provide the changing of the motion trajectory of the rotor's loads in order to link their masses with the axis of rotation of the rotor by unequal-arm levers. As a result, conditions are provided for the productive harnessing of the energy of gravitation in conjunction with the energy of the force impact of the permanent magnets of the stator.
* * *
In Appendix number 8 is offered the option of designing of the gravitational-magnetic motor, the rotor of which contains movable loads equipped with permanent Bar Magnets, but the stator, also containing permanent Bar Magnets, is equipped with a stationary rigid body that changes the trajectory of moving the rotor's loads. As a result of this change, the movable loads become pairwise linked by unequal-arm levers of rotation relative to rotor axis, that ensure formation of the initial part of net torque on the motor shaft due to the impact of gravitation on their masses. The additional rotational effort is provided by mutual attraction of the magnets of stator with the rotor magnets moving in front of them. The advantage of this variant of the engine relative the variant proposed in Appendix number 4 is in the absence of using the repulsion mode at the force interaction between the permanent magnets of the rotor and the stator.
This page was last modified on 17 October, 2019